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The Radicalization Process

La radicalisation menant à la violence


THE RADICALIZATION PROCESS

Radicalization Leading to Violence: A Complex, Multi-dimensional Process

The process of radicalization leading to violence follows a nonlinear, non-predetermined path, shaped by multiple factors—personal and collective, social and psychological. No single element suffices, in and of itself, to explain the radicalization of an individual or group of individuals. The process is the result of the confluence of a specific personal journey and a system of beliefs justifying the use of violence, which may be exacerbated by a perceived moral threat or threat to the individual’s identity and fanned by physical and virtual social networks.
Radicalization that leads to violence rarely takes the form of a sudden or abrupt change but rather of a complex social change that operates on several different levels, as shown in the diagram below.

Social Context

On a social level, the process of radicalization may be triggered, influenced or fostered by socio-political or socio-emotional circumstances that affect the individual directly or indirectly. When faced with political, social, or economic malaise, whether real or perceived, individuals may come to question the promise of togetherness (living together) and their sense of belonging to the community.

Living Environments

Individuals who experience identity malaise or perceived injustice or marginalization may seek answers and remedies to situations they deem to be unjust or in need of redress. The degree to which protective or vulnerability factors are present in individuals’ living environments may influence their worldview and contribute to their their adoption of certain radical views legitimizing violence.

Personal Journey

For individuals undergoing indoctrination, all interpretations of the world are necessarily viewed in ideological terms with a ‘good’ and a ‘bad’, an ‘us’ and a ‘them’, and a ‘pure’ and an ‘impure’ group. Due to this progressive dichotomization of the world, such individuals come to systematically reject any competing explanations or alternative views of society. In the indoctrination process, ideology supplies justifications and explanations that encourage devotees to take part in more radical forms of action, including the active support of or participation in violent acts.
The following video provides a summary that will help you better understand the dynamics involved in radicalization leading to violence and how they are interconnected :

  • 16 July 2018
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Visit at the Centre

The Centre hosted Kawser Ahmed, a researcher from the University of Manitoba, who is working on the role of community based organizations in countering violent extremism in western societies. This visit allowed an exchange between the experts on the prevention of violent extremism and violent radicalization leading to violence.
  • 11 July 2018
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Procedure for the reception and processing of requests for assistance

Centre’s procedure for the reception and processing of requests for assistance We invite you to read this chart in order to better understand how the Centre proceeds for the reception and processing of request for assistance. How do we evaluate the case? What is the development of an Individualized Service Plan (ISP)? What are our methods […]
  • 11 July 2018
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Training session offered in Beloeil

The Centre provided training on the prevention of radicalization leading to violence to a group of youth home front-line workers in Beloeil who requested a better understanding of the issue of violent extremism.