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The Radicalization Process

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THE RADICALIZATION PROCESS

Radicalization Leading to Violence: A Complex, Multi-dimensional Process

The process of radicalization leading to violence follows a nonlinear, non-predetermined path, shaped by multiple factors—personal and collective, social and psychological. No single element suffices, in and of itself, to explain the radicalization of an individual or group of individuals. The process is the result of the confluence of a specific personal journey and a system of beliefs justifying the use of violence, which may be exacerbated by a perceived moral threat or threat to the individual’s identity and fanned by physical and virtual social networks.
Radicalization that leads to violence rarely takes the form of a sudden or abrupt change but rather of a complex social change that operates on several different levels, as shown in the diagram below.

Social Context

On a social level, the process of radicalization may be triggered, influenced or fostered by socio-political or socio-emotional circumstances that affect the individual directly or indirectly. When faced with political, social, or economic malaise, whether real or perceived, individuals may come to question the promise of togetherness (living together) and their sense of belonging to the community.

Living Environments

Individuals who experience identity malaise or perceived injustice or marginalization may seek answers and remedies to situations they deem to be unjust or in need of redress. The degree to which protective or vulnerability factors are present in individuals’ living environments may influence their worldview and contribute to their their adoption of certain radical views legitimizing violence.

Personal Journey

For individuals undergoing indoctrination, all interpretations of the world are necessarily viewed in ideological terms with a ‘good’ and a ‘bad’, an ‘us’ and a ‘them’, and a ‘pure’ and an ‘impure’ group. Due to this progressive dichotomization of the world, such individuals come to systematically reject any competing explanations or alternative views of society. In the indoctrination process, ideology supplies justifications and explanations that encourage devotees to take part in more radical forms of action, including the active support of or participation in violent acts.
The following video provides a summary that will help you better understand the dynamics involved in radicalization leading to violence and how they are interconnected :

  • 2 April 2020
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Appointment of a new Executive Director at the CPRLV

Montreal, Thursday, April 2, 2020 – The Board of Directors of the Centre for the Prevention of Radicalization Leading to Violence (CPRLV) is proud to announce the nomination of Ms. Roselyne Mavungu for the position of Executive Director, effective as of March 30, 2020. Read the Press release, in French
  • 1 April 2020
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The CPRLV becomes a member of the ASRSQ network

The CPRLV is proud to become a member of the Association des services de réhabilitation sociale du Québec (ASRSQ), a community action organization working in the field of criminal justice and dedicated to the social reintegration of convicted offenders. The ASRSQ is a group of non-profit community organizations working with people in conflict with the […]
  • 30 March 2020
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“Let’s mobilize against hate” – Say no to hate speech!

How can you get involved in a pro-social way? How can you counter hate speech with the power to act collectively? How can you become actors of prevention?  The CPRLV has developed a program called “Let’s Mobilize Against Hate”, which aims to raise awareness, support and mobilize the community to fight against hate-motivated acts. We […]