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HATE INCIDENTS

Definition

upset teenage boy dressed in hooded jacket leaning against a wall


DEFINITION

All persons must be able to live freely without fear of being intimidated, harassed, threatened or assaulted on account of their race, national or ethnic origin, language, colour, religion, sex, age, mental or physical disability, or sexual orientation.
When an act is motivated by hate and intended to violate the rights and dignity of an individual or group due to one of the factors mentioned above, it may then constitute a hate crime or incident. As a community, it is important that we recognize the importance of fighting such attacks and provocations as they profoundly diminish the sense of security of targeted individuals and groups and shake the confidence of society as a whole.
By creating tensions in certain groups, hate crimes and incidents can be an important cause of radicalization leading to violence. Conversely, violent radicalization may itself spur the commission of hate acts.

Hate-motivated acts, which are unacceptable in our society, take two forms: ‘hate crimes’ and ‘hate incidents’. A hate crime is a criminal act punishable by law, while a hate incident cannot be considered a criminal offence under the Criminal Code, despite the fact that it also impacts the sense of security of the affected individual or group.

What is a hate crime?

A hate crime is a criminal act motivated by prejudice or hatred towards an individual or group based on factors such as race, national or ethnic origin, language, colour, religion, sex, age, sexual orientation, gender identity or expression, or mental or physical disability.

Examples of actions or behaviours considered to be hate crimes include :

  • Making threats on social media targeting one’s indigenous neighbour due to the latter’s ethnic origin.
  • Drawing provocative graffiti (Ku Klux Klan images, swastikas, death’s head, etc.) on the windows or walls of a business or gathering place associated with a group that is the object of strong prejudices or stereotypes.
  • Vandalizing a synagogue or Buddhist temple, or pouring pig’s blood on the door of a mosque.
  • Violently pushing a physically disabled person on the stairs in the metro while uttering insults about the person’s disability.

Section 718.2 a) (i) of the Criminal Code provides for harsher sentences for criminal offences motivated by hate.

What is a hate incident?

A hate incident is any non criminal act that affects the sense of safety of a person or identifiable group of persons and that, due to the context, is seen to be an act targeting a specific person or group due to their race, national or ethnic origin, language, colour, religion, sex, age, sexual orientation, gender identity or expression, or physical or mental disability.

Examples of actions or behaviours considered to be hate incidents include:

  • Making hostile comments to two women embracing one another in the street about their sexual orientation
  • Placing offensive and threatening flyers on the windshields of indigenous people’s cars in a mall parking lot
  • Insulting a business owner because of the owner’s national or ethnic origin
  • Making offensive remarks to a person about an intellectual disability they may have
Radicalisation violente ou non violente
  • 10 September 2018
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Launch of the project “My story”

“My story” The Centre launched the project entitled “My Story“, which consists of a series of anonymous audiovisual testimonials made by individuals and families supported by the CPRLV. In order to create awareness of the consequences of radicalization leading to violence, some of the people supported by the CPRLV tell their story, for the first […]
  • 4 September 2018
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Captives (Embrigadés) in Montreal

Launch of the play Captives (Embrigadés) in Montreal The collective Les Pentures will launch its project, Captives (Embrigadés), for a tour in Montreal. Following a two-year-long collaboration between the CPRLV and the collective Les Pentures, the play Captives (Embrigadés) was created as an education and prevention tool geared towards school and community environments. Drawing its […]
  • 31 August 2018
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  • News

Awareness-raising workshop offered in Trois-Rivières

The Centre led an awareness workshop to a group of young people at the Maison de jeunes Le Transit in Trois-Rivières in order to learn to how to fight social exclusion through prosocial engagement. This workshop was offered by the team behind the “What If I Was Wrong? When We Talk, We Learn! » campaign.